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谈谈雨水的回收利用

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谈谈雨水的回收利用

发布日期:2018-03-16 作者: 点击:

  BANSUIZHEXIANDAISHEHUIKEJIYUJINGJIDEBUDUANFAZHANYUJINBU,WOGUODEYONGSHUILIANGZAIZHUBUDEZENGJIA,XIANRUJINQUESHUI,YISHIBUZHENGDESHISHI。RANERYOUYURENLEIWUJIEZHIDEKAICAIHEPOHUAIZIYUAN,WENSHIQITIDESIYIPAIFANG,DAOZHIBINGCHUANRONGHUA,HAIMIANSHANGSHENG,NISHILIUPINFA,HONGSHUIFANLAN,CHENGSHINEILAO,JIDUANTIANQIYUELAIYUEDUO,ZHEIXIEDOUZHIJIEDAOZHIYUANYOUDEQINGJIESHUIZIYUANMIANLINKUJIE。YUSHUI、ZHONGSHUI、HAISHUIDENGFEICHUANTONGSHUIYUANDEKAIFALIYONGBIANDEPOZAIMEIJIE。

  1.雨水回收利用的必要性

  1.1 YINGYONGBEIJING

  SHUISHIRENLEISHENGCUNBIBUKESHAODENENGYUAN, YESHIZHIYUEDANGJINSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZIYUAN。WOGUOSHIYIGEJIAOWEIQUESHUIDEGUOJIA,RENJUNSHUIZIYUANLIANGJINZHANSHIJIERENJUNDE1/4。GANHANQUESHUI、HONGLAOZAIHAIHESHUIHUANJINGEHUAYIQICHENGWEILEWOGUOMIANLINDESANDASHUIWENTIBINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHIYUELEJINGJIZENGZHANGHESHEHUIDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。YUSHUISHIDIBIAOSHUIDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN, DUISHENGTAIXITONGJUYOUJIQIZHONGYAODEYIYI, RUHEDUIQIJINXINGYOUXIAOLIYONGYICHENGWEIRENMENJINJINIANBUDUANGUANZHUDEWENTI。WOGUOJUYOUFENGFUDEYUSHUIZIYUAN,NIANPINGJUNJIANGSHUIZONGLIANGWEI 6.2×104YIm3,KELIYONGSHUIZIYUANLIANGJUDA。SUIZHEWOGUOGONGYEHUA、CHENGSHIHUADEJINCHENGBUDUANJIAKUAI,RENMENDUISHUIZIYUANDEXUQIULIANGBUDUANJIADA。TONGGUODUIYUSHUIDEHUIYONG,BUJINKEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBIMIANHANLAOZAIHAI,JIANQINGSHIZHENGGUANWANGYALI,YEKEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIEJUEYUSHUIZHONGSUOCHANZADEZAZHIZAOCHENGWURANYUDUSAIDEWENTI。

  1.2 YINGYONGYOUSHI

  YUSHUIDESHOUJIYUCHULIHUIZENGJIASHEBEIDEJIANSHEFEIYONG, DANSUIZHERENKOUDEZENGJIA、SHEHUIJINGJIDEBUDUANFAZHAN、SHUIZIYUANDEDUANQUE,SHUIJIASHANGZHANGYICHENGWEIBIRANQUSHI。YINCI,JIANGHUIYONGDEYUSHUIZUOWEIDIZHISHUIYIDAITISHENGHUOYONGSHUI,TASUOCHUANGZAODEZHANGQIXIAOYISHIWUFAGULIANGDE。YUSHUIDEHUIYONGGENGJIAYOULIYUTIGAORENMENZHENXISHUIZIYUAN、JIEYUESHUIZIYUANDEYISHI,YOUZHEJUDADESHEHUIXIAOYI。YUSHUIDEHUIYONGKEYIJIANSHAOSHUITULIUSHI,HUANJIECHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGZHONGYONGSHUIYUPAISHUIZHIJIANDEMAODUN, BINGQIEYUSHUIZAISHOUJIYUZHILIUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOZHENGFA、XIASHENDENGZUOYONG,KEYIJINYIBUGAISHANXIAOFANWEINEIDEQIHOUZHUANGKUANG,JIANSHAOCHENGSHIZHONGDEREDAOXIAOYING,CONGERJINYIBUCHUANGZAOLIANGHAODESHENGTAIHUANJING。

  1.3 国内外雨水回收利用现状

大乐透综合走势图  RENLEIDUIYUYUSHUIDELIYONGYIJINGYOULEHENZHANGDELISHI。YUSHUIJILIUXITONGDEYANJIUKEYIZHUISUDAOGONGYUANQIAN 8 SHIJIGULUOMASHIQI。ZAIOUZHOUDEGUOHAICHENGLILEZHUANMENDEYUSHUIHUIYONGZUZHI,BANBULEYIXILIEFALVFAGUI。RIBENSHIYAZHOUZUIZAOSHIXINGYUSHUIHUISHOULIYONGDEGUOJIA, CONG 1982 NIANKAISHIJIUZHUBUJIANGYUSHUIHUIYONGNARUGUOJIAFAZHANRICHENG。WOGUODUIYUYUSHUIDEHUIYONGQIBUJIAOWAN,ZHIZHI 20 SHIJI 90 NIANDAI,WOGUOCAIJIANGYUSHUIDEHUIYONGZUOWEIYIMENDANDUDEXUEKEZHANKAIYANJIU。RANER,YUSHUIHUIYONGZAIBUFENDIQUDEDAOJIAOKUAIDEFAZHANBINGCHANSHENGLEKEGUANDEJINGJIXIAOYIYUSHENGTAIXIAOYI,JINJINIANWOGUOZAIGECHENGSHIJUNJUBANLEXIANGGUANDEYUSHUIHUISHOULIYONGYANTAOHUI。SUIZHEGUOJIJIANRIYIPINFANDEJIAOLIU,WOGUOCONGXIFANGXIANJINGUOJIABUDUANDIJINXINGJISHUSHANGDEXUEXI,BINGGENJUGEDIDESHIJIQINGKUANGJIANLILEFUHEBUTONGDIQUDESHIFANXINGGONGCHENG。

  2.YUSHUIHUISHOULIYONGSHILI

  2.1 GONGCHENGGAIKUANG

  XIANYIMOUSHIDAXINGGONGYECHANGQUWEILI。GAICHANGQUSIZHOUJINYICESHIZHENGDAOLUYOUYUSHUIGUANWANG,QIEGUANJINGYANZHONGPIANXIAO,RUGUOZHENGGECHANGQUYUSHUIQUANBUSHOUJIHOUPAIZHISHIZHENGGUANWANG,JIANGDUISHIZHENGYUSHUIGUANWANGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXINGCHANSHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG,GUSHEJISHIKAOLVJIANGYIBUFENCHANGQUYUSHUIHUISHOULIYONG,YILAIKEYIJIANQINGSHIZHENGGUANWANGDEYALI,ERLAIKEYIJIANSHAOCHANGQUDEGONGYEYONGSHUIHAOFEI。

  2.2YUSHUILIYONGXITONGFANGANSHEJI

  由于降雨前期与后期雨水水质不同,因此要对不同时期雨水采用不同的处理方法。同时,处理水水质须满足相关规定。综上,该工程对厂区雨水的回收利用流程如图 1。此方案仅收集屋面雨水。由于初期雨水杂质较多,故需要对其进行弃流处理。弃流井采用如图 2 的方式考虑到雨水时空分布的不均衡性, 需要设置贮水池, 以调节雨水收集量和实际需求量之间的量差。本工程根据实际情况,贮水池容积取值约2000m3,可供 3~4天绿化和浇洒道路用水。除此之外, 还要设置市政自来水作为补充水源,以作应急及冲洗处理设备用。

  3.YUSHUIHUISHOULIYONGZHONGDERUOGANWENTI

大乐透综合走势图  3.1 GONGCHENGZAOJIAWENTI

  YIQIANMIANGONGYECHANGQUYUSHUIHUIYONGXIANGMUWEILI。ZHUSHUICHIAN 2000m3SHEJI。MUQIANGAIDIQUGONGYEYONGSHUIJIAGEWEI 4.55 YUAN /m3, HUIYONGSHUIZUIGAORIYONGSHUILIANGYUEWEI528.0m3/d,YINIANZHONGJIASHEXUYAOLVHUAYONGSHUIDETIANSHUWEI 150 TIAN,ZEBENGONGCHENGYINIANYONGYUJIAOSADAOLUHELVHUAYONGSHUIDEFEIYONGWEI 4.55*528.0*150=36.04 WANYUAN。YUSHUIHUISHOULIYONGDECHUQITOUZIFEIDAYUEWEI:120 WAN (YUSHUISHOUJIXITONG)+100WAN (YUSHUICHULIXITONG)+400 WAN (YUSHUICHUSHUICHI)+50 WAN (GONGSHUIGUANWANGXITONG)=670WAN。KAOLVWEIYUJIFEI,HUISHOULIYONGGONGCHENGZONGTOUZIYUEWEI 700 DUOWAN。ANJINGTAITOUZIJISUAN,YUE 20 NIANZUOYOUNENGSHOUHUICHENGBEN。RUGUOANDONGTAIKAOLV,KOUCHUMEINIANDEYUNXINGGUANLIFEIHEQUESHUI(HUISHOUYUSHUIYONGJIN)SHIDUIZILAISHUIDELIYONGFEI,NEIMETOUZICHANGHAIQIJIANGGENGZHANG。SUOYIRUHEPINGHENGQIJINGJIXINGHEXIAOYIXING,TONGYANGZHIDEWOMENGUANZHU。

  3.2 QILIUSHESHIDESHEZHIBUWEI

  QILIUFANGSHIDEXUANZEDUICHUQIYUSHUIQILIULIANGDEDAXIAO、QILIUSHEBEIDEKONGZHIFANGSHI,YIJISHIGONGWEIHUHEGONGCHENGZAOJIADENGDOUYOUYINGXIANG。QILIUZHUANGZHIYIBANDOUSHEZHIZAIYUSHUISHOUJIXITONGDEMODUAN, DANZHEIYANGJIUDAOZHILEWEILEQILIUGUANWANGQIDUANDECHUQIYUSHUI,ERSHIDEYIBUFENMODUANFUJINDEZHONGHOUQIQINGCHEYUSHUIBUDEBUTONGSHIBEIQILIUDIAO。WEIJIANSHAOSHUILIANGLANGFEI, XUYAOBAQILIUZHUANGZHISHEZHIZAIZHENGGEGUANWANGJIAOWEIZHONGXINDEBUWEI,YEYAOQIUZAIBUZHISHIJINKENENGZUODAOJUNHENGBUZHI,BIMIANXIAZHANGXINGDEZHIZHUANGBUZHI。

  4.JIELUN

大乐透综合走势图  ZONGSHANG,YUSHUIDEHUIYONGSHIJIESHUIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YUSHUIDEHUISHOULIYONGYIJINGCHENGWEIBIRANDEFAZHANQUSHI,TAWEICHENGSHIXIANDAIHUAFAZHANQIDAOLEJIJIDETUIDONGZUOYONG。DANGRAN,YUSHUIHUIYONGZUOWEIYIGEPANGDAERZHANGYUANDEXITONGGONGCHENG, TABUJINXUYAOGEKEXUETUANDUIGONGTONGYANJIU,GENGXUYAODANGDIZHENGFUBUMENYUJUMINDEDALIZHICHI。RANGWOMENYIQIWEIWOGUODEYUSHUIHUIYONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEXIANJIXIANCE,WEIWOGUODEXIANDAIHUAFAZHANGONGXIANCHUZIJIDEYIFENLILIANG!

大乐透综合走势图  BENWENYOUZHENGLI,CIWENGUANDIANBUDAIBIAOBENZHANGUANDIAN,RUXUZHUANZAIQINGBIAOZHUWANGZHI:naesman.com


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